The treasure trove revealed inside King Tutankhamun’s tomb 100 years ago this week including thrones, chariots and THAT death mask
- 100 years ago this week, Lord Carnarvon was rewarded with a great discovery
- Hidden for 3,000 years was sarcophagus of King Tutankhamun, ‘the Boy King’
- He came to throne aged 8 and ruled for decade before his death at 19 in 1323BC
- Over 5,000 items were recovered from his tomb and excavation continues today
Patience is a virtue — but it must have been wearing thin at Highclere Castle in the summer of 1922 as Lord Carnarvon pondered whether to allow Howard Carter one last season of excavation work in Egypt‘s Valley of the Kings.
He had already spent £5-6 million in today’s money, and was disappointed that his investment was showing such little return.
But he rolled the dice one more time — and, 100 years ago this week, was rewarded with arguably the greatest ever archaeological discovery.
100 years ago this week, Lord Carnarvon was rewarded with a great discovery – wonderful, priceless and hidden for 3,000 years, including, ultimately, the sarcophagus of King Tutankhamun
British archaeologist Howard Carter (1874 – 1939) at Tutankhamun’s tomb, 1st March 1923
Carter and his team had been investigating a line of rocks in front of the tomb of Ramesses VI when a young water boy stumbled on a stone that turned out to be the top flight of covered stairs.
After partially digging out the steps, they came across a doorway stamped with oval seals and hieroglyphics.
This was just the start of things to come.
At that point, most of us would have dug out — or bashed down — the door to see what it was concealing, but Carter loyally deferred to his patron.
‘At last have made wonderful discovery in Valley; a magnificent tomb with seals intact; re-covered same for your arrival; congratulations,’ he reported in a telegram.
Lord Carnarvon and his daughter, Evelyn, left Highclere immediately, arriving in Luxor on November 23.
The next day, with the Carnarvons present, Carter made a breach in the corner of a second door deeper underground, which enabled him to peer in by candlelight.
‘Can you see anything?’ Carnarvon asked him.
‘Yes — wonderful things!’ said Carter.
Egyptologist Howard Carter watches as porters carry a throne from King Tutankhamun’s Tomb in the Valley of the Kings in Egypt
Sarcophagus containing the gold coffin of the pharaoh Tutankhamun (ruled 1333-1323 BC) which held his mummy. From the Cairo Museum, Egypt
Wonderful, priceless and hidden for 3,000 years, including, ultimately, the sarcophagus of King Tutankhamun — ‘the Boy King’, who came to the throne aged eight or nine and ruled for a decade before his premature death, at the age of 19, in 1323BC, after which he was mummified and buried in a tomb filled with artwork, jewellery and other treasures.
Daily Mail correspondent Arthur Weigall was present when the tomb was opened and saw Lord Carnarvon enter.
Over the next few weeks — now with the eager Egyptian authorities in attendance — the full extent of the discovery revealed itself: an antechamber filled with thrones, alabaster vases, musical instruments and dismantled chariots; the Treasury, containing King Tut’s internal organs and 34 miniature statues of Tut; an annexe storing weapons and household goods; and the Burial Chamber, with the king’s gold tomb.
Ultimately, more than 5,000 items were recovered — and excavation work continues to this day.
For Lord Carnarvon — who would die from an infected mosquito bite a mere five months later — it was a triumph after a lifetime of interest in Egypt; and, for Carter, a reward as an archaeologist in the country where he had worked from the age of 17.
KING TUTANKHAMUN: THE PHARAOH WHO RULED EGYPT MORE THAN 3,000 YEARS AGO
The face of Tutankhamun was an Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th dynasty, and ruled between 1332 BC and 1323 BC. Right, his famous gold funeral mask
Tutankhamun was an Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th dynasty, and ruled between 1332 BC and 1323 BC.
He was the son of Akhenaten and took to the throne at the age of nine or ten.
When he became king, he married his half-sister, Ankhesenpaaten.
He died at around the age of 18 and his cause of death is unknown.
In 1907, Lord Carnarvon George Herbert asked English archaeologist and Egyptologist Howard Carter to supervise excavations in the Valley of the Kings.
On 4 November 1922, Carter’s group found steps that led to Tutankhamun’s tomb.
He spent several months cataloguing the antechamber before opening the burial chamber and discovering the sarcophagus in February 1923.
When the tomb was discovered in 1922 by archaeologist Howard Carter, under the patronage of Lord Carnarvon, the media frenzy that followed was unprecedented.
Carter and his team took 10 years to clear the tomb of its treasure because of the multitude of objects found within it.
For many, Tut embodies ancient Egypt’s glory because his tomb was packed with the glittering wealth of the rich 18th Dynasty from 1569 to 1315 BC.
Egypt’s antiquities chief Zahi Hawass (3rd L) supervises the removal of the lid of the sarcophagus of King Tutankhamun in his underground tomb in the famed Valley of the Kings in 2007.